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J Neurocrit Care 2008;1(1): 43-49.
급성기 허혈성 뇌졸중에서 혈소판과 백혈구의 상호작용
송동범1, 이준홍1,2·민양기1,3·김경환1
연세대학교 의과대학 신경과학교실,1 국민건강보험공단 일산병원 신경과,2 한림대학교 의과대학 신경과학교실3
Platelet-Leukocyte Interaction in Acute Ischemic Stroke
Dong Beom Song, MD1 Jun Hong Lee, MD1,2, Yang Ki Minn, MD1,3 and Gyung Whan Kim, MD, PhD1, 1Department of Neurology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea,2
1Department of Neurology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea, 2Department of Neurology, National Health Insurance Corporation Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Korea, 3Department of Neurology, Hallym University Coll
ABSTRACT
Background: Not only platelet but also leukocyte plays a crucial role in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis and arterial thrombosis which is major cause of ischemic stroke. Macrophage-1 antigen (Mac-1) is up-regulated on activated leukocytes and has been shown to be a crucial regulator of leukocyte recruitment by promoting leukocyte firm attachment to adherent platelets and fibrionogens in injured artery or atheromatous plaque. To clarify role of leukocyte activation in arterial thrombosis, we observed Mac-1 expression of leukocyte with P-selectin expression of platelet and circulating level monocyte-platelet aggregates, both of which are well known platelet activation markers.
Methods: Mac-1 expression of leukocyte, P-selectin expression of platelet and circulating level of monocyte-platelet aggregates were analyzed in 28 patients at acute and convalescent phase of stroke, and in 21 control subjects.
Results: Mac-1 expression of leukocyte was higher in acute phase of stroke than convalescent phase of stroke (P=0.032) and control group (P=0.045). Pselectin expression of platelet and circulating level of monocyte-platelet aggregates revealed same pattern as Mac-1 expression of leukocyte, and all these three showed a positive correlation.
Conclusions: These findings support the role of leukocyte activation and platelet-leukocyte interaction in arterial thrombosis. Mac-1 of leukocyte and P-selectin of platelet may be a new therapeutic target of arterial thrombosis including ischemic stroke.
Key Words: Mac-1·Leukocyte activation·Inflammation·Stroke
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