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J Neurocrit Care 2013;6(2): 122-125.
관상동맥조영술 중에 발생한 뇌공기색전증에 의한 급성 중대뇌동맥경색
오학주1·권석범1·김민지1·홍성숙2·민양기1·정 산1·황성희1
한림대학교 의과대학 신경과학교실,1 순천향대학교 의과대학 영상의학교실2
Acute Middle Cerebral Artery Infarction by Cerebral Air Embolism during Coronary Angiography
Hak-Ju Oh, MD1, Seok-Beom Kwon, MD, PhD1, Min-Ji Kim, MD1, Seong-Sook Hong, MD, PhD2, Yang-Ki Minn, MD, PhD1, San Jung, MD1, and Sung-Hee Hwang, MD, PhD1
1Department of Neurology, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea, 2Department of Radiology, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
ABSTRACT
Background: Air embolism is caused by the entry of air into arteries of the systemic circulation. Cerebral air embolism may occur as a severe complication of invasive medical procedures such as cardiac catheterization or cardiopulmonary bypass during cardiac surgery. The average rate of air embolism during coronary angiography is reported 0.27%. Despite of this incidence rate, cerebral infarction by air embolism can be lethal.
Case Report: We report a 75-year-old man who initially diagnosed as non ST elevation myocardial infarction. During coronary angiography, the patient showed left hemiparesis and semi-comatose mentality. Brain MRI demonstrated serpiginous intermingled low signal intensity indicating air embolism along the right cerebral hemisphere.
Conclusions: This is the first report of a patient with middle cerebral artery infarction following huge air embolism occurred during coronary angiography. We should concern about air embolism during medical procedure.
Key Words: Cerebral air embolism · Coronary angiography · Cerebral infarction
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